HIV seropositivity in patients with first-episode psychosis

S Mashaphu, D L Mkize


Background. In order to gauge the impact of the HIV epidemic on psychotic disorders, the magnitude and causal direction of the association between HIV infection and psychosis need to be examined closely.

Objective. To determine the HIV seropositivity rate among adult patients presenting with first-episode psychosis (FEP) to Town Hill Hospital in Pietermaritzburg, KwaZulu-Natal.

Design. A cross-sectional, point-prevalence study was done over a 6-month period.

Results. Of the 63 FEP patients in the study, 48 tested HIV- negative and 15 tested positive, giving a seroprevalence rate of 23.8%.

Conclusion. The prevalence of HIV seropositivity is high among patients with FEP.

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Submitted: 02 October 2007
Published: 01 August 2007

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South African Journal of Psychiatry    |    ISSN: 1608-9685 (PRINT)    |    ISSN: 2078-6786 (ONLINE)